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belt and road initiative africa

The cooperation between China and Africa under the Belt and Road Initiative will generate more resources and means, expand the market and space for African development, and … The resources used for the expressway might have been better spent on projects that can unlock economic transformation and generate long-term gains, rather than on something to make urban dwellers’ lives a bit more comfortable. [10] Agence France-Presse, “Benin president taps China for controversial railway – dismissing bids by local and French companies”, South China Morning Post, 23 March 2018. But this comes with challenges. The African Development Bank (ADB) has estimated that Africa’s infrastructure deficit amounts to US$ 93 billion annually until 2021. While the expressway helps to ease traffic congestion and reduce airport transit times, one might ask: is this the best way to spend almost $500 million? Linking West Africa to East Africa and closing the loop. To answer these questions, this brief takes up the BRI in Africa as a case study, since China’s presence has grown rapidly across the continent. In Chad, residents have protested against Chinese presence, which is accompanied by few jobs, low pay and harsh working conditions. China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative (OBOR) or silk road initiative is often referred to as a Eurasian infrastructure network initiative, Does the BRI genuinely benefit participating local countries or only serve to enhance China’s economic benefits? over 90 percent) have already signed MoUs. Financing the future of the Belt and Road in Africa, vision to connect countries in China’s neighbourhood, Cambodia will not be in trouble because of excessive borrowing, Development and Economic Growth Research Programme, China and global development: seven things to read in August, China and global development: eight things to read in June, China and global development: what to read ahead of the Belt and Road Forum. The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road is planned to create connections among regional waterways. The center point from which all infrastructure projects evolve, the African Belt and Road is an initiative to connect West Africa to East Africa by rail and beyond by sea. It is expected that increased Chinese investments will gradually lead some of these countries to sign MoUs or express official support in the future.[11]. Set up in 1990, ORF seeks to lead and aid policy thinking towards building a strong and prosperous India in a fair and equitable world. [5] Agence France-Presse, “China’s Xi offers Africa $60bn for development, says ‘no strings attached’”, The East African, September 3, 2018. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. [3] C. Raja Mohan, “Debating China’s Peaceful Rise: The Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner”, Economic and Political Weekly, August 14, 2004. [5], Financing from western countries or institutions is usually accompanied by strict conditionalities, an inconvenience for poorer African countries. Unlike Western countries, which prefer dealing with transparent and accountable democracies, China has an “all-inclusive” approach and deals with regimes without any pre-set conditions. [15] While the majority of China’s projects in Africa are in the infrastructure sector, it is also beneficial to Chinese companies that are dealing with overcapacity in key sectors such as steel, iron and cement. Highway, railways and other overland transport arteries that would transverse the economic Belt across the world would synergize with the maritime road network that would criss-cross the world through ports upgrade, integrated maritime and digital network. [20] Tatenda Kunaka, “One Belt One Road Initiative: An African Perspective”, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, August 2018. To be sure, China defends the use of its labour and materials, citing better skills and more quality that enables cost-cutting. In the light of the EU-Africa Summit 2017 and of the G20 Summit 2017 with Africa being one of the focus areas, China’s engagement in Africa seems more relevant than ever. Cambodia's approach focuses on the borrowing aspects. In Kenya, local protests erupted in fall 2016 in the area around Voi, over a 6-km elevated section of the planned Mombasa–Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway Line that was supposed to cross Nairobi national park; consequently, the Kenyan government paused its construction.

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