basic concepts of chemical bonding pdf

Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding 8.1 Chemical Bonds, Lewis Symbols, and the Octet Rule. %PDF-1.7 Chapter 10: Chemical Bonding I: Basic Concepts 388 (c) Three plausible resonance structures can be drawn for the isocyanate ion, NCO-.

h�b```� ��B ��ea��� ���p��#+���)�܌/t�[\z_��;00=|n���2a���y��]���wwJ\���!�Ae���'���U��Ӛ��EE�ō��FH_h�Q�v�I���A��A�����A�ѣ�A��A����A����Q9H6I�.گ����H� ��E����MPc�``�aY����0���l[����P�+�|� Ę�@|���~( H3� 6``?� • We infer that the NaCl is more stable than its constituent elements. endobj endobj TheA mer icanche st G.N. stream 2 (g) NaCl(s ) ∆ H. o f = –410.9 kJ/mol • The reaction is violently exothermic. <> <> 776 0 obj <>stream 5 0 obj 6 0 obj endstream endobj 733 0 obj <>/Metadata 55 0 R/Outlines 72 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 728 0 R/StructTreeRoot 75 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 734 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 735 0 obj <>stream <>/Metadata 2962 0 R/ViewerPreferences 2963 0 R>> @� ��[� ���-&�)�+O�L.T��Ϥ�&�{Q�x���4 A�HL���H��tlڱq���72Y�*��l4&�^Vu ��;�}�:}R��:�T���3��n�u=PE&M��}7��/�B�x�d:!c��k��v4"�����5`Pi�`����}x*O�Tf����o��������h �=����4][� $�Fy>�r`��g?MB����+�q{�|�f��� �:��}�z�9 �_�D3��}���o6� �0�ZwV�̚�t�*�&�#�"��ND�*�gW*�4Wpc[��n��������nP���5�{�Z�r��1Y��]�y̲-�i�����}�qG��6��6N�{�9'�%NЫ�!�B�PA$9��$7��۬,��i���qh� 2 ��XICC_PROFILE HLino mntrRGB XYZ � 1 acspMSFT IEC sRGB �� �-HP cprt P 3desc � lwtpt � bkpt rXYZ gXYZ , bXYZ @ dmnd T pdmdd � �vued L �view � $lumi � meas $tech 0 rTRC. AP Chemistry Chapter 8 Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding - 1 - Chapter 8.

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8.2 Ionic Bonding • Consider the reaction between sodium and chlorine: Na(s) + ½ Cl. 0 Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding Chapter 8 1 LEWIS SYMBOLS AND THE OCTET RULE The electrons involved in chemical bonding are the valence electrons, in the outermost occupied shell. 4 0 obj %%EOF h�Ԙ]o�6�� endobj Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Polar Covalent Bonds • Though atoms often form compounds by sharing electrons, the x���Qk�0�� ��(�Y�Ζ,�RX�.� �m�=�=�q���)�i߲��t��u��Y�;���w�G��}���=���=�q�"�!F2�����j�;H(;�P>:s%x(O�W�����ڜ • Microscopic properties of molecules include: • the connectivity between atoms and • the 3-D shape of the molecule.

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Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding Lecture Outline 8.1 Lewis Symbols and the Octet Rule • The properties of many materials can be understood in terms of their microscopic properties. 10 0 obj ��Z�SN&�h8C�W�F�6U>D�ј|���΋�2[D�a����Ҷ\\�����/6�|3_ݽ��U9/���n�-7����k~���E��fBM����4����q^�S8f�����kdt�W�����t��m��N�Uy|\|�PS� �����4[���n ���AU;_�\2��9ϖytu9�������"Xdc1.7yy{���n��$�Ѩ�����n���|�Q �fm1��|]��O7$.��q�Ф��8+�[p:Z}+���N��O���l�َNn@jP�F��g��Đ�/Z`x�2���4��:�N��&�o+��1V�3�`v�nk6����@K��g���}5��hQE�z��`*�הLښ�y�5�i��8%�1a|5D5~\~- Eɴ��/_�ǃ�������B��Y)J�:j��%@ʫ�${�|≒�T�*K'1�S%'*�S�&2�SF� ��O�S+5�Dj�a. <> Lew (1875– 1946) suggested a simple way of showing the valence electrons in an atom and tracking them during bond formation, using what are now known as either Lewis electron-dot …


versa. <> The nitrogen contributes five electrons, the carbon four, oxygen six, and one more electron is added to account for the negative charge, giving a total of 16 electrons or eight pairs of electrons. endobj 8.2 Ionic Bonding • positive and negative ions form an ionic lattice, in which each cation is surrounded by anions, and vice . 3 0 obj <> endobj <> ����Af����D�. endobj

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