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ballot initiative states

To suspend the enactment of the targeted law until the election, the requirement is 122,274 valid signatures. )[7] With the exception of Delaware, 49 US states allow legislatively-referred state constitutional amendments. Find a billionaire benefactor with the ideological motivation or crass self-interest to spend the $1-million plus to get something on the ballot with mercenary signature gatherers. - WSJ.com", "Medical Use of Marijuana To Stay Illegal in Arizona - NYTimes.com", "The Pueblo Chieftain Online :: Referendum O limits constitutional changes", "http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2013/apr/03/idaho-governor-signs-bill-tightening-initiative/", "Medicaid expansion petition 6,000 away from target, still need to wrap up 11 districts", "Medicaid expansion initiative in final push, just 5,000 signatures from goal", "Luke Mayville and his Medicaid for Idaho campaign are proving us political 'experts' wrong", "60,000 signatures & counting: How did the upstart Medicaid expansion campaign do it? )[3][4], The initiative process, for proposing constitutional amendments, may be "direct" or "indirect". Other proposals include having a "cooling-off" period after an initiative qualifies, in which the legislature can make the initiative unnecessary by passing legislation acceptable to the initiative's sponsors. Under the indirect initiative, a measure is first referred to the legislature, and then only put to a popular vote if not enacted by the legislature. It reached its peak public approval rating in the 1930s in an effort to maintain American isolationism in the years before the Second World War. 3) or the cause of the day (this is about energy independence and renewable resources, Props. The Idaho Legislature in 2013 however increased the geographical requirements for putting an initiative on the ballot[20] after a trio of unpopular education laws ("Students Come First") were repealed by the voters. They sought a method to counter this—a way in which average persons could become directly involved in the political process. This would allow the legislature to easily make uncontroversial changes.[18]. The chart does not differentiate between different types of initiated statute or initiated amendment, such as between direct or indirect initiatives. Washington, D.C., also has initiative and referendum processes. The CIR is a benchmark in the initiative reform and public engagement fields. Mississippi is one of the most conservative states in America, and its legislature was none too pleased when Initiative 65 qualified for a spot on the ballot this November. [8], Nevada is the only state to allow for statute affirmation. Well known U.S. initiatives include various measures adopted by voters in states such as Washington, Oregon, California, Massachusetts and Alaska. Click here to contact us for media inquiries, and please donate here to support our continued expansion. The first attempt to get National ballot initiatives occurred in 1907 when House Joint Resolution 44 was introduced by Rep. Elmer Fulton of Oklahoma. This is the number of signatures required to put a targeted law before voters. (These may be further divided into constitutional amendments and statutory initiatives. Legislative referral (aka "legislative referendum"), in which the legislature puts proposed legislation up for popular vote (either voluntarily or, in the case of a constitutional amendment, as a necessary part of the procedure. Signature requirements for ballot measures in Alaska, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Arizona, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Arkansas, Signature requirements for ballot measures in California, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Colorado, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Florida, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Idaho, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Illinois, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Maine, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Maryland, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Massachusetts, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Michigan, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Mississippi, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Missouri, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Montana, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Nebraska, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Nevada, Signature requirements for ballot measures in New Mexico, Signature requirements for ballot measures in North Dakota, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Ohio, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Oklahoma, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Oregon, Signature requirements for ballot measures in South Dakota, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Utah, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Washington, Signature requirements for ballot measures in Wyoming, States that allow initiated constitutional amendments, Chart of American states and their access to direct democracy, Laws governing citizen grand juries in Kansas, Laws governing citizen grand juries in Nevada, Laws governing citizen grand juries in North Dakota, Laws governing citizen grand juries in New Mexico, Laws governing citizen grand juries in Nebraska, Laws governing citizen grand juries in Oklahoma, Legislatively referred constitutional amendment, Initiatives to the Legislature (Washington), Redevelopment and Housing Authority Referendum (Virginia), https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=States_with_initiative_or_referendum&oldid=7726760, Submit a photo, survey, video, conversation, or bio, Ballotpedia's Daily Presidential News Briefing. Each state has individual requirements to qualify initiatives for the ballot.

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